Why should tobacco cessation programs be accessible to people with disabilities?
Nearly one in four individuals in the State of Ohio had at least one disability.
The Ohio Disability and Health Program’s Needs Assessment, using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2011 data, showed that 38% of individuals with disabilities smoke versus 19% of those without disabilities.
Among Ohio smokers with disabilities, 54.1% had attempted to quit in 2016.
Further, 69% of smokers with disabilities in Ohio received quit advice from their physicians in the past year.
The odds of being a current smoker are 1.57 times higher for adults with disabilities compared to people without disabilities, even after adjusting for age, sex, race, ethnicity, marital status, education, employment, income, and health insurance.
As of 2013, nearly half of Ohio adults with disabilities (44.8%), and an even greater number of Ohioans with mobility disabilities (61.9%), rated their health as “fair” or “poor”, in contrast to less than one in ten Ohioans without disabilities (7.5%).
Only Four states in 2016 reported higher percentages of “fair” or “poor” health status among adults with disabilities than the state of Ohio.